The department that involves in the treatment of ailments in ear, nose and throat is shortly called E.N.T or Otorhinolaryngology. Ear, nose and throat along with base of skull, head and neck work in coherence with one another. Thereby, an ailment in one disturbs the other. Otorhinolaryngology deals with the functional ailments of senses that affect eating, drinking, breathing, swallowing and hearing. ENT surgeons also perform reconstructing surgeries for cancer, benign tumour that affect head and neck.
Treatments Done by the ENT Specialists
Treatment of Ear (Otology/Neurotology) – this includes the treatment for ear infection, hearing loss, dizziness, ringing in the ears (called tinnitus), ear, face, or neck pain.
Treatment of Nose (Rhinology) – Our nose helps in inhaling and exhaling. It keeps dirt and dust, and harmful allergens at bay. ENT specialist treats deviated septum, rhinitis, sinusitis, sinus headaches and migraines.
Treatment of Throat (Laryngology) – Throat is one of the most vital human organs that helps in eating and speaking. Any disruption in throat region affects life badly. Some of the throat ailments treated by an ENT doctor are: sore throat, hoarseness, throat infections, throat tumours, airway and vocal cord disorders.
Treatment for Sleep Disorder – Sleep maintains the normal rhythm of life. Sleep disorder disturbs and distorts normal life style. ENT doctors deals with cases of sleep disorders like sleep-disordered breathing, nasal and airway obstruction, snoring and sleep apnea etc.
Facial Plastic Surgery – A distorted face dampens individual’s personality. With precision ENT surgeons carry out plastic surgery to redefine individual personality. These surgeries include cleft palates, ear deformities, trauma reconstruction, head and neck cancer reconstruction, and revisions of facial cosmetic surgery.
Paediatric ENT – Paediatric ENT treats problems which are more associated with children such as birth defects, ear infection, tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergic rhinitis.
ENT Department at Mint
Mint, the multi-specialty hospital in Chennai has a very well-equipped ENT Department. Our team of ENT surgeons is efficient in offering treatment for a varied spectrum of ENT disorders. With extreme professionalism and expertise, they carry out all kinds of ENT surgeries and help patients to lead a normal life. Their intensive care and guidance have boosted up the confidence of the patients suffering from some chronic ENT disorders.
Audiology is the study to identify, diagnose and treat hearing loss in adults and children. With a comprehensive knowledge of the human auditory systems the audiologist diagnoses and ascertains the problem of hearing loss in patients of all ages. He also possesses a thorough knowledge of sound conduction system which is essential to design appropriate hearing aids.
Work Procedure of an Audiologist
The audiologist uses various testing methods to determine whether the person is sensitive to sound. If the subsequent test indicates hearing loss, the audiologist determines the severity of hearing loss and which portion (high, medium or low frequencies) of hearing has been affected. The tests also help in locating the place (outer ear, middle ear, inner ear, auditory nerve and central nervous system) where the hearing loss has occurred. Judging the nature and severity of hearing loss, the audiologist suggests for treatment and rehabilitation using hearing aids and cochlear implants etc.
An audiologist’s role includes but not limited to:
- Carrying out complete hearing examinations.
- Fitting, adjustment, and maintenance of hearing aids
- Providing treatment for tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
- Conducting hearing and speech rehabilitation programmes
Counselling the patients and their families to deal with child hearing issues and cope with adult hearing loss is an important attribute of an Audiologist. The department has also established a personal and industrial hearing safety programme, newborn hearing screening programme and school hearing screening programme.